Let’s prevent dementia by focusing on modifiable risk factors and equity

+Practice
OLDER PEOPLE

Let’s prevent dementia by focusing on modifiable risk factors and equity

Ngaire Kerse

Ngaire Kerse

Anna Elizabeth on Unsplash
Hearing loss is the risk factor with the highest contribution to dementia risk in New Zealand (Image: Anna Elizabeth on Unsplash)

Professor Ngaire Kerse reviews recent research into risk factors for dementia, and reminds you that many of these can be proactively managed in primary care

Key Points, Twelve modifiable risk factors account for nearly half of dementia cases in New Zealand, which consequently could potentially be prevented. Educatio, Pract Green w Pale Yellow
References

1. Ma'u E, Cullum S, Cheung G, et al. Differences in the potential for dementia prevention between major ethnic groups within one country: A cross sectional analysis of population attributable fraction of potentially modifiable risk factors in New Zealand. Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2021;13:100191.

2. Livingston G, Sommerlad A, Orgeta V, et al. Dementia prevention, intervention, and care. Lancet 2017;390(10113):2673–734.

3. Livingston G, Huntley J, Sommerlad A, et al. Dementia prevention, intervention, and care: 2020 report of the Lancet Commission. Lancet 2020;396(10248):413–46.

4. Matthews FE, Arthur A, Barnes LE, et al. A two-decade comparison of prevalence of dementia in individuals aged 65 years and older from three geographical areas of England: results of the Cognitive Function and Ageing Study I and II. Lancet 2013;382(9902):1405–12.